The Exchange Visitor (J) non-immigrant visa category is for individuals approved to participate in work-and study-based exchange visitor programs. Participants are integral to the success of the program.
All applicants must meet eligibility criteria and be sponsored either by a private sector or government program.
Upon their expiration of J1 Visa and departure from the United States, many J-1 visa holders are required to complete a mandatory two-year home-country physical presence prior to re-entry into the United States under dual intent visas, such as H1-B
Different categories exist within the J-1 program, each defining the purpose or type of exchange. While most J-1 categories are explicitly named in the federal regulations governing the J-1 program, others have been inferred from the regulatory language.
Private sector programs:
· Alien Physician
· Au Pair and EduCare
· Student, Secondary School
· Flight Training (J-1 privileges terminated effective June 1, 2010)
Government and academic programs:
· Government Visitor
· International Visitor
· Professor and Research Scholar
· Short-Term Scholar
· Student, College/University